Governance in Rumania: UDMR/RMDSZ joins Coalition
3/8/2014 - UDMR (RMDSZ) Joins Coalition Government in Rumania, AHF calls for quick resolution to pressing problems...On Monday, March 03, 2014, Prime Minister Victor Ponta of Rumania’s Social Democratic Party (USD) announced that the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) would be joining the governing coalition. In the agreement, USD promised to help solve the problem of minority cultural rights. The UMDR will hold the Culture and Environment ministries, a vice-president seat, and 14 state secretary positions. The [full list appears below].
AHF Statement for Immediate Release
AHF Calls for Quick Resolution to Pressing Problems
On Monday, March 03, 2014, Prime Minister Victor Ponta of Romania’s Social Democratic Party (USD) announced that the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) would be joining the governing coalition. In the agreement between the two parties, USD promised to help solve the problem of minority cultural rights and bring resolution to the conflict over re-establishment of Hungarian-language education at the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu Mureș (Marosvásárhely). The UDMR will hold the Culture and Environment ministries, a vice-president seat, and 14 state secretary positions.
The American Hungarian Federation (Federation), representing a cross-section of the Hungarian American community, strongly supports cultural diversity, democratic development and human and minority rights for all people. Romania, which was awarded large parts of Hungary after WWI, including Transylvania, is home to a substantial Hungarian minority. After the fall of the brutal Ceausescu regime, the ethnic Hungarian community, which played a pivotal role in sparking the uprising that toppled Ceausescu, expected dramatic improvements and an end to government-sponsored repression and discrimination. They understandably expected to realize their democratically asserted aspirations for autonomy, preserve their language and cultural identity, and recover previously confiscated church and communal properties.
Unfortunately, many of these just demands have not been met, despite decades of legal wrangling. For example, while Bucharest lavishly funds the Orthodox Church that is engaged in a church building spree in areas with large Hungarian populations, it has returned only a tiny fraction of the more than 2000 religious and communal properties illegally seized from their rightful Hungarian owners during the Communist era and has unjustly prosecuted former state secretary Attila Marko, Silviu Vlim and Tamas Marosan in connection with the restitution to the Hungarian Reformed Diocese of Transylvania of the Szekely Miko Evangelical Reformed College. Finally, despite agreements to respect the historic multi-cultural institution, Romanian officials expelled Hungarian professors Peter Hantz and Lehel Kovacs from the Babes-Bolyai University for placing parallel Hungarian inscriptions below Romanian language signs.
AHF Executive Chairman
Member AHF International Affairs Committee
Új programot fogadott el a Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség (RMDSZ) részvételével alakult kormány. Úgynevezett felelősségvállalással, vagyis parlamenti vita lehetősége nélkül készül a törvényhozás elé terjeszteni – közölte az Agerpres hírügynökség. Az új kormányprogram létrehozása Victor Ponta szociáldemokrata miniszterelnök és a jobboldali Traian Basescu államfő előző napi megállapodásának része volt: az elnök azzal a feltétellel nevezte ki az új minisztereket, hogy Ponta a parlament előtt vállal felelősséget az RMDSZ-szel kötött megállapodás nyomán kialakított programjáért. [tovább]
Hungary to intervene in support of Szekler council’s fight against Romanian administrative plans: Hungary has decided to intervene in support of the Szekler National Council in its case at the Luxembourg court, appealing against a recent European Commission decision to reject its request for ethnically and culturally different regions to receive special treatment. The Szekler council was hoping to collect one million signatures in support of its fight against Romanian plans to change the country’s administrative districts. [read more]
Magyar prefektusa lehet Brassó és Maros megyének: A tárgyalások még folyamatban vannak, de a legnagyobb bizonyossággal állítható, hogy Maros és Brassó megyében lesz magyar prefektus – jelentette ki Kovács Péter, az RMDSZ főtitkára. Több romániai napilap is kormányközeli forrásokra hivatkozva közölte, hogy az RMDSZ három prefektusi és öt alprefektusi tisztséget kap a koalíciós osztozkodás során. A Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség (RMDSZ) kormányra lépése eredményeként magyar prefektusa lesz Brassó és Maros megyének – erősítette meg pénteken a romániai sajtó értesüléseit Kovács Péter, az RMDSZ főtitkára. [tovább]
4/7/2010 -- AHF article on Autonomy for Romania's Hungarian Communities published in Foreign Policy Review...The article entitled, "Autonomy: The Path to Democracy and Stability in Romania," Foreign Policy Review, volume 6 (2009)," makes a compelling case for the recognition of autonomy as a means of strengthening democracy and stability in Romania. The author, AHF President Frank Koszorus, Jr.,* points out that since autonomy is about power sharing, it is an essential element in a country such as Romania insofar as democracy also is about power sharing.
Shortcuts to Additional Resources:
Why So Many Hungarians Across the Border?
One thousand years of nation building successfully delineated groups based on culture, religion, geography, and other attributes to create the countries with which we are so familiar. While some Western European nations would continue power struggles and princely battles and civil wars, Hungary, founded in 896, was a peaceful multi-ethnic state for a 1000 years and her borders were virtually unchanged. Until 1920...
The Treaty of Trianon in 1920... in the aftermath of WWI, was extremely harsh on Hungary and unjustifiably one-sided. The resulting "treaty" lost Hungary an unprecedented 2/3 of her territory, and 1/2 of her total population or 1/3 of her Hungarian-speaking population. Add to this the loss of up to 90% of vast natural resources, industry, railways, and other infrastructure. The clear winner of the land grab, was Rumania, who, established only 60 years earlier, more than doubled in size overnight.
Ethnic Distribution in the Kingdom of Hungary in 1910 (Hungarians shown in red)
Hungarian populations declined significantly after forced removals such as the Benes Decrees and other pograms, the effects of WWI, and Trianon in 1920. With continued pressure and discriminative policies such as the 2009 Slovak Language Law, this trend continued over the past 90 years.
[read more on the Treaty of Trianon]